These are 3 of the 4 best coal stoves companies, and all
3 are located in
COAL STOVES #2 LEISURE LINE STOVE
CO #3 READING COAL STOVES
IS COAL? CALCULATE
Coal Vs. OIL, Pellet, Gas
The United States produces ¼ of the world's coal (more then any other country),
and has nearly 250 billion tons of recoverable coal.... enough to last us a long
Coal is used to generate more than half of all the electricity produced in the
U.S. It's also used as a basic energy source in many industries, including steel
production, cement and paper. It's used as a heating fuel, too.
COAL IS GOOD FOR THE ECONOMY, TOO!
More coal production will provide thousands of jobs in all aspects of the coal
industry -- exploration, mining, equipment supply, transportation, etc.
Many U.S. coal beds are close to the either's surface. Modern mining methods
allow us to easily reach most of our reserves.
IT'S A GOOD ALTERNATIVE
Greater use of coal will help the U.S. become more self-sufficient in energy. In
addition to its use as a solid fuel, coal can be converted to liquid or gas to
replace increasingly expensive imported fuels.
CONSUMERS ALSO BENEFIT
Consumers can also benefit from using coal because it is more economical then
imported fuels. With expanded use, coal can help solve our energy problems.
What is coal?
Coal is a fossil fuel like gas and oil
HOW COAL WAS FORMED
There are 4 major types of coal
- Vegetation grew in swamps which covered many parts of America
about 300 million years ago. The vegetation absorbed and stored the sun's
- Peat deposits were built up as vast amounts of vegetation dies
and accumulated at the bottoms of swamps to form this spongy, brown
- Geological forces buried the peat deep under the surface of the
earth. There, the layers of peat were further compacted by pressure and
- Coal formed from the compressed peat after millions of years under
the earth's surface. The greater the pressure, the harder the coal.
Coal is classified by hardness
(determined in part by carbon content). The harder the coal, the less moisture
it contains and the more efficient it is as a fuel.
(softest coal) contains a lot of moisture. It's brownish-black and
crumbles real easily. It's primarily used at electricity generation
(medium-soft coal) contains much less moisture then Lignite. It's used
mostly to produce steam for electricity generation.
(medium-hard coal) contains very little moisture and has high heat value.
It's widely used to generate electricity and to make coke used in the
(hardest coal) has a very high heat value and makes a good home heating
How does coal effect the ENVIRONMENT?
In the past, coal mining and
burning had serious effects on the environment. Today, new laws and technology
help minimize any effects on our environment through.........
AIR MONITORING IN MINES
Dust in mines can cause lung disease. Federal law prohibits mining if there's
too much dust in the air. Today, miners use personal air samplers to test dust
levels at regular intervals. Also, large fans on the surface force explosive
gases out of the mines, and dust is controlled by wetting coal or spraying
limestone on mine walls.
GAS EMISSIONS CONTROLS
- Burning coal produces numerous by-products. In sufficient quantity,
these could pose environmental problems. Some of these by-products may
contribute to acid rain, through the exact causes and possible solutions
are still being studied by scientist within and outside of the industry.
- Control methods include: using scrubbers or precipitators; use of
different burning methods; removable of some undesirable material before
Though coal mining alters the landscape. Federal and state laws now require all
mined land to be restored to it's original condition. Mining companies plan the
reclamation process before digging. In many cases, the land is left in better
condition then before mining started.
WATER TREATMENT AND CONSERVATION
FLY ASH AND SLUDGE CONTROLS
- Iron sulfide (pyrite) in coal creates and acid which can contaminate
water draining through mines. This acid is now being chemically removed
before the water is discharged into streams.
- Slurry pipelines require large amounts of water. But lakes created
during land reclamation can help replace some of the water used.
- Fine ash particles fly up into the air when coal burns. Special devices
placed in the smoke stack trap most of this ash. For example, one method
uses electrically charged particles to trap ash.
- Sludge is a by-product of using scrubbers. A new treatment being
developed would solidify sludge for landfill or chemical uses.
PROTECTING THE ENVIRONMENT IS EXPENSIVE
The high cost of processing coal and controlling pollution has deterred greater
coal production. However, new technologies promise to make coal cleaner, more
convenient, and more economically attractive.
WILL COAL REPLACE OIL AND GAS?
Coal is far more plentiful in the U.S. then oil or gas. As methods continue to
improve for mining, burning and producing oil and gas from coal, our dependence
on oil and gas could be greatly reduced.
HOW MUCH OF OUR ENERGY NEEDS CAN COAL SUPPLY?
AS coal production increases and technology improves, coal should supply and
even greater percentage of our total energy needs.
IS COAL ECONOMICAL?
LINE STOVE CO
READING COAL STOVES
Even with greater demand and the increasing cost of mining, transportation,
preparation and pollution control, the price of coal should continue to be even
more competitive with the raising cost of other fuels.